The city of Brisbane, Australia, the city of Doha in Quatar, the village of Colpied in France are the best examples because they meet all the specifications of a territory. They both involve the assertion of power, influence, and control over commercial and cultural matters. It is worth noting that the above-mentioned factors occur in the context of a certain sphere. For instance, the example of Brisbane perfectly illustrates issues of healthcare services. These territories are all dependant on culture. Even though they are of different topologies, for example: pre-urban, modern Gulf cities, gender, and veiling, they are all influenced by cultural aspects. Below is a detailed discussion of the mentioned examples of territories and what makes them qualify to be the type of territories they are.
Pre-modern territory Australia, Brisbane
Brisbane is the capital of Queensland (Australian state), and is considered as one of the largest commercial centers of Australia; it is the third on the list of most populous cities of Australia. Brisbane urban area has a population of 2,3 million people (Census, 2011). Due to its colonial past, the city includes an extensively wide range of ethnic groups. Statistical data shows that at least 2 percent of people of indigenous origin reside the urban areas of the city (Census, 2011). Owing to the cultural diversity in the city, there is the issue with accessing healthcare services. Centralized healthcare cannot meet the needs of indigenous population due to cultural, language and wealth differences (Weightman).
The borders of these territories are conspicuous: we distinguish between the city downtown areas and its suburbs inhabited by aboriginal communities. The area around Logan Central and Woodridges is inhabited by a significant amount of aboriginal communities. For instance, Inhala, it is a Brisbane suburb in the south-west of the downtown area.
The main issue is that the indigenous population can access healthcare services to the same extent. Hence, these people use their traditional medicine which is incapable of treating a number severe diseases. The residents of the downtown area can freely experience the services because they can afford it.
A turning point is the establishment of Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services are changing due to the recent (Weightman). This initiative allows indigenous population to take control over their own affairs in terms of adequate healthcare. With ACCHS, the rate of mortality among local communities has decreased.
Applying such initiatives contributes to elimination of the borders between these territories. Today, the majority of the city`s population has access to high quality, affordable, and multi-cultural friendly healthcare. Nevertheless, there is a lot of room for improvements in terms of development in the sphere.
The differences in living standards between the city center of Brisbane and its suburbs cause confrontation between the residents. The feeling of inequality among local communities may result in unrest. However, no such developments has been detected so far.
For instance, an aboriginal-origin individual who accesses healthcare services in the downtown of Brisbane will experience difficulties concerning the cost of such services as well as possible misunderstanding and, as a result, mistreatment. The resident of the city center might not seek healthcare services in suburbs or rural areas. It would be a very rare occasion or exception.
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Modern Gulf City of Doha, Qatar
Doha is referred to as a modern Gulf territory because it is mainly made up of discrete zones and a patchwork sovereignty strategically preserving traditional relations. This has been attributed to the fact that there are a large number of foreigners in Doha. The presence of a large number of foreigners poses a threat to its culture. What is happening in Doha is an issue to be considered. It is estimated that there are 250,000 Qatari citizens with over a million foreigners ranging from guest workers, traditional laborers and multiple diasporas (Gardner Petroleum, 2012).
Doha is the capital city of Qatar, located on the coast of the Persian Gulf towards the eastern part of the country. It is situated on the peninsula, so the borders comprises mostly of Doha Bay coastline. But we also distinguish between its districts as they are the good examples of “patchwork” sovereignty. In this case, the borders lie between its rural traditional districts and modern urban areas of the city.
The foreigners are of high social background and live in prestigious buildings. Therefore many public spaces have been filled up with these contingents of foreign individuals. In the metropolitan districts, the architectural designs are western: this is the influence of the presence of foreigners. Qatari citizens who live in rural areas reside in low- and middle-class neighborhoods because most of them can’t afford to utilize the expensive facilities within the city center (Gardner Petroleum, 2012).
Doha has expanded tremendously as compared to the ancient times. There is a modern infrastructural development that fosters economic growth. Apart from economy, the community is changing rapidly as well as the politics. There are a lot of huge-scale projects consisting of ultra-modern facilities that make the city look magnificent (Gardner Petroleum, 2012).
The territory exists due to the prevalence of commercial interest. Doha is a business center. With the availability of opportunities, emigrants stream into the country in order to prosper. The economic growth makes it expand and remains stable without collapsing. Besides, the high rate of economic growth in Doha may change the city even more (Gardner Petroleum, 2012).
Doha is a free city, and anybody can come and work or have a visit. Though there are rules and regulations, set to govern the migration of people to the country. The specified procedures need to be followed. If anybody violates the rules and regulations, he or she may be prosecuted.
Colpied Village, Southern France
The village of Colpied is a good example of gender territory. This is because there are unique places and roles of men and women and both women and men have to live with the established traditions (Reiter, 1975). the gender territory is demarcated into two sections: one section occupied by men and the other occupied by women. There is a distinctive boundary that separates the two sections. The section occupied by men is often labeled as “public” while the one that is filled by women labeled as “private” (Reiter, 1975). Women only visit two public places: the church and the village shops (Reiter, 1975). But, in other villages in France is mainly peasant culture, and the distribution between sexes is less distinct (Reiter, 1975).
The borders of the gender territory are marked in a way to create a separation of roles between the men and women. The two sections have notable differences. Men are not restricted in their movement and have more rights as opposed to women whose freedom of movement is limited to the village limits. The village had 185 people and lived in agglomerated village separated from each other by some fields (Reiter, 1975).
Some rules apply to both sides. Men are allowed to move freely and interact with different people in the society including strangers. They have the power to hold offices and own property. On the contrary, women are supposed to remain indoors, interact only with fellow women within the village and move out only during special occasions. They are not allowed to hold public offices nor own properties.
The territory ought to change based on economic and historical development (Rayan 1975 p.267). In ancient times, the boundary between men and women was so wide, but because of historical changes, the gap has reduced tremendously (Reiter, 1975). This means that the gender territory in the village of Colpied is diminishing as time goes by.
What keeps the areas existing is the fact that women view their role in the society as the most important and they do not take it as oppression. They view the restrictions as the most important and the freedom entitled to men as less important. Therefore, they do not complain because they see that whatever they are not allowed to do has no value. They feel that staying close to the family and taking care of it is the most important. When the gender territories are violated, it results in confrontation between male or between female members of the community, depending on who trespassed the borders.
Veiling Territory of Istanbul, Turkey
Veiling is widely practiced in Istanbul, Turkey. This city is a classic example because Istanbul is characterized by a pattern of shifting veiling regimes. The Turkish women widely practice veiling. Except from these who consider vailing as a vital part of their culture, there are secularists who consider veiling as an act of backwardness and a setback to development. The veiling community thus occupy the territories, and they are identified by the dressing code (Sector, 2002).
Veiling is practiced widely in gecekondular areas of Istanbul (Sector, 2002). There is a distinctive difference between these veiling areas. Islamic women cover themselves as a symbol of purity since they tend to think that it is a sacred ritual. This practice acts as a religious identity that separates the Islamic women from the rest of the society (Sector, 2002).
The veiling practice is changing over time. The changes may be described as the shifting of regimes. Initially, a large group of women practiced veiling, but since then, the number of women practicing veiling has reduced. Veiling has been countered over time by secularism (Sector, 2002).
One thing that has kept the veiling practice in place for long is the adoption of a new, urban form of Islamic dress. There was an attempt to put some regulations against veiling which necessitated the formation of veiling movement in the 1990s. Islamist women have protested severally to any oppression directed to them (Sector, 2002).
The fact that Turkey is founded on the principles of strong-armed secularism acted as a blow to the veiling territory. Rules against veiling were established that prohibited veiling in specific places. The secularists think that veiling deprives women of their freedom of expression (Sector, 2002).
In conclusion, we reviewed the cultural differences in governing different territories. These differences may cause both positive and negative impacts on the society where there is a clear distinction between adjacent territories. It may contribute to the economic growth, or it may be an issue in healthcare industry, we should always pay attention to what really identifies borders: our diverse culture.