Pacific Northwest

During the days of world exploration, explorers from the already established colonies sought to explore the world on behalf of their colonies. During the course of their travels, they discovered new lands that offered resources and those lands were later claimed by the travelers colonies. After the exploration of almost the rest of the world and the establishment of the trade sea routes along the African and Asian coast, the only part left undiscovered was the Pacific Northwest of America. The exploration of the Pacific Northwest was guided by conquest, promises, and vision for the explorers, traders, and their colonies. The Pacific Northwest presented new resources to be utilized by the colonies.

 

After the discovery of the resource-filled Pacific Northwest, most countries made a move to conquer the region. With the help of the explorers, various countries would draw maps and discover new sea routes that would be used as trade routes. First, explorers would find the lands rich in various resources, and then the countries would later put their claim to the region. One of such exploration parties sent by the US president was that of Lewis and Clark. Ritter states that the exploration party was sent by President Jefferson to explore and go beyond Americas Louisiana Purchase (34). Such exploration parties were sent for the commercial purposes to find the most feasible and direct water route across the whole continent of North America. During this exploration, the party had some difficulties in traversing the continent, but at the same time, Lewis and Clark had new insights into the difference in landscape between the eastern and western sides of the continent. The party also traded with the natives along the way as the explorers needed food. During the exploration of the Pacific Northwest, the explorers encountered Native Americans living on those lands. Naturally, the contact led to the exchanges between both sides. The explorers were given various items such as fur by Native Americans and in exchange, they gave them pieces of iron and other technologies. After establishing the first contact with the natives, the explorers and traders sought to establish working relationships with them. This relationship came in the form of trading routes, trade alliances, and in severe cases, intermarriages to secure the alliances. According to Andrea and Neel, French Canadians interaction with Native Americans led to intermarriages between them (64). As a result, a new culture called the Metis was produced. The Metis settled along the vast regions that were known to be fur-trading areas. Therefore, from this perspective, the Pacific Northwest was a land of conquest for whoever was willing to go the extra mile of exploring the region.

Image background
Go to our website
Image background
Choose a type of paper you need
Image background
Indicate additional requirements for your essay
Image background
Pay for the order
Image background
Get your flawless paper on time

The exploration of the Pacific Northwest was driven by several factors, including the future riches that the region promised for those brave enough to explore it. If the exploration was successful, trade would be initiated with Native Americans in the region. The region would serve the countries that had claimed it. Sometimes, when countries had conflicts between each other due to the trading claims of the same regions, the conflicts had to be resolved to prevent wars. According to Ritter, James Cook, a British explorer, was also sent to mend fences with the Spanish (32). He was to finalize a treaty between Spain and Britain since Spain did had not acknowledged Britains trading rights in the region. This treaty was signed in 1790 between the two countries, and Spain recognized Britains trading rights in the Northwest. During the exploration of the Pacific Northwest, after trading with Native Americans, the explorers took back what they had found back to their home countries. After people had seen what this unexplored part of the world could offer them, traders started flocking to the Pacific Northwest. Ritter describes the contact of the exploration party led by James Cook (31). During this exploration, James Cook made a stop to re-rig his vessels after reaching Nootka Sound on the outer coast of the island of Vancouver. During this stop, his men traded nails and small pieces of iron for sea otter pelts that Native Americans had offered them. The fur was to be used as cloaks during their expedition. However, on returning to England, they learnt of the high prices that the fur went for in China. Traders from Britain and New England flocked to the Northwest coast because of the promise of fur, starting commerce there. As the above examples show, the Pacific Northwest is seen to be a land full of promises, attracting all kinds of people due to the various resources it had to offer.

With the Pacific Northwest being full of promises, another factor that led to the exploration of this region was the visions that various visionaries had for it. This includes missionaries and Americans plans Native Americans and the lands they occupied. The vision for the explorers was for their countries to develop territories in the region. This was done after the expeditions to scout the region to establish various routes that could be used as trade routes and to find areas that were suitable for the development of trading posts. Each country had a vision of expanding into the Northwest due to the availability of soft-gold, as the fur was commonly referred to (Ritter 38). In a description given by Ritter, the United States developed a new thought - the idea that there was a God-given mission to conquer the continent from the ocean to the ocean (46). Two senators, Thomas Hart Benton and Lewis Linn, pushed the expansion of America to the west to hold the western lands. With the help of the army engineer Captain Benjamin Louis Eulalie de Bonneville, the United States was able to map the swaths of the western region. Another exploit by Lt. John C. Fremont of the US army helped to clarify the map drawn by Bonneville in detail. Other people who had vision for the west were the missionaries. They wanted to convert Native Americans from their traditional ways of worship into embracing Christianity. According to Morrison, the European explorers, whose idea of religion was churches with their dogma and doctrines, found the natives to have no religion at all (1). They interpreted the rituals conducted by Native Americans as satanic and as a way to appease demons. Therefore, the missionaries and the European settlers had a vision to uproot the demonic rituals and replace them with Christianity as the religion for Native Americans. This shows that the Pacific Northwest was a visionary region by providing countries the need to expand for future gains as well as offering Christians the chance to rid the natives of worshipping their gods and replace it with Christianity.

Our benefits
  • 300 words/page
  • Papers written from scratch
  • Relevant and up-to-date sources
  • Fully referenced materials
  • Attractive discount system
  • Strict confidentiality
  • 24/7 customer support

Consequently, the Pacific Northwest presents a tale of conquest by various European countries among themselves and the natives of the land. After the discovery of America by Columbus, he claimed the land on behalf of Spain. This started the all-European rivalry for territory in the New World. Since by then the claim had only been made by the European countries that had much influence from the Pope, the Pope decided to split the western hemisphere into the Portuguese and Spanish territories. Thus, the Pacific Northwest was given to Spain. Eventually, the competition ended after the United States and Britain shared the territory, with Britain taking the territory in Canada and the United States keeping the territory on its side (University of Washington). Russia, which by then had claimed Alaska, sold it to the United States. Therefore, it took a long time for the authority to be maintained in the Pacific Northwest. During the first European visits to this territory, before sharing the territory between the United States and Britain, several European countries explored the region to claim it. The Spanish were the first to arrive between 1774 and 1775. During this visit, the rituals that showed that Spain had claimed these lands were done. The second wave of the European countries arrival was the British arriving to the continent in 1778. After this, the Britons were regular visitors of the region. Russia wanted the lands south of Alaska but no move was made to secure them. The French made one visit to the region. The United States was the only non-European country making claims to the land during the later stages of this development. Thus, the frequent visits by several countries, with each wanting to claim to the lands of the Pacific Northwest, show that the area produced a tale of conquest.

Conclusion

In conclusion, during the 18th century, the Pacific Northwest provided a tale of conquest, vision, and promise to the various countries that had claimed the territories. At the center of the claim, there was the power to control the resources that the region had to offer. In particular, those who had laid a claim would be able to control the fur trade in the region. Various explorers were sent by their countries to claim the lands in the region. They were from Spain, Britain, the United States, and even some from France. The explorers made contact with the natives, and they traded fur with them.

Guarantees
Email delivery
Email delivery

Your paper is uploaded to your account and you get a copy delivered by email.

Wide range of services
Wide range of services

Your get wide range of high quality services from our professional team.

Authentic papers
Authentic papers

All papers are written from scratch up to your instructions

Privacy guarantee
Privacy guarantee

No personal data is ever disclosed to any third parties.

Deadline meeting
Deadline meeting

Any paper ordered will be delivered strictly according to the deadline.

Satisfaction guarantee
Satisfaction guarantee

All our customer are totally satisfied with their orders.

No plagiarism
No plagiarism

All papers you order are plagiarism free.

24/7 customer support
24/7 customer support

Our Support Representatives are at your service 24/7 365 days a year.

Free revision
Free revision

Each customer has 48 hours after deadline expires to get paper revised.

Live Chat
Online