American presidential elections are coming, and the candidates are Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump. Both candidates have been asked many questions about foreign and internal policies. Here are five major issues of foreign policy the candidates have been asked about: immigration and refugees, U.S.-Russian relations, U.S. military aid to other countries, ISIS, and nuclear weapon.
The first foreign policy issue is immigration and refugees. Clinton argues that the USA is an international country, where there is place for everyone who contributes to the community. At the same time, Trump finds it necessary to build a wall at the southern border and limit access for migrants and refugees. The next issue is U.S.-Russian relations. Clinton supposes that the USA has to show its strength to Russia and to be ready to struggle with it. Whereas Trump’s conviction is that it would be good for Russia and the USA to become allies. Another issue is military aid to other countries. According to Clinton, the USA, as the greatest country, should maintain world peace, help poor countries, and defend them. Trump, on the contrary, believes that the USA does not have to interfere in other countries’ issues. Furthermore, it should not support rebels. One more issue is ISIS, which is one of the most important problems in foreign policy. Clinton’s view is that the USA should support rebels in Syria and other countries to unite powers at war with ISIS. Trump suggests that the USA has to cooperate with Russia, Iran, and Assad to win this “war”. The last but not least problem is nuclear weapon. In this reference, Clinton thinks that the U.S. has to impose sanctions on countries that follow the rules of nuclear weapon owning. Trump, in his turn, wants the country to reduce its endowment to nuclear weapon.
Both candidates have very different points of view on the right foreign policy direction for the country. The problem of immigrants and refugees may be the most debating issue between Clinton and Trump, since their positions are opposed. Clinton wants to raise the number of Syrian refugees up to 65 000, which is unacceptable for Trump. He argues that all undocumented people should be deported, a wall between Mexico and the USA should be built, and the U.S. should close its borders for Muslims. Democratic candidate Clinton disagrees with it. She says that migrants have build the USA; consequently, they should be given shelter as long as they work and contribute to the community.
U.S.-Russian relations are a sore topic for Trump, since he thinks that the Russian Federation can become a good alien for the USA. At the same time, Clinton is against any cooperation with Russia, as this country does not adhere to any international agreements or follow international laws. She says that the USA should show its strength and gain leverage over Russia.
U.S. military aid to other countries, like Syria and Ukraine, is important for its foreign policy. Clinton represents the U.S. ideology and wants to help rebels struggle for their rights. She is ready to arm rebels, particularly Kurds, and advocates for non-fly zone. The possible outcome for the democrate is to cooperate more closely with aliens: Japan, Germany, and South Korea. Trump criticizes such policy. To his mind, the U.S. should not support rebels, but it should support Russia, Iraq, and Assad in pursuit of fighting ISIS.
ISIS is a highly debating issue not only for the USA, but also for the whole world. Therefore, the U.S., as a leading country, has to fight against it. Trump is raher radical concerning this matter. He is ready to apply best efforts to win this “war”, even if there is a need to cooperate with Russia, Iraq, and Assad. Clinton has a milder approach to the question: she is also ready to struggle, but her ways of achieving the goal are more democratic and peaceful.
The last issue is nuclear power. Trump wants to reduce its amount in the country. The Republican argues that the U.S. does not have to defend other countries (Germany, South Korea, Japan), while democratic Clinton says that the U.S. has to cooperate with Asia, Europe, and the Middle East in pursuit of maintaining no first use of nuclear weapon in the world. Although nuclear weapon in the USA is a certain guarantee of safety, Trump wants to reduce it, which may lead to weaker U.S. position in international area; Clinton is against it.
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Clinton and Trump are very different in their views. It is hard to find any similarities between them. Their points of view about refugees and migrants are opposite. There is no single point of view between candidates about Syria. The only common point about aid to Syria is that the U.S. have to defend Mosul, but not lose it. Their attitude to Russia and vision of future relations with it are opposite. ISIS may be the most common issue between Clinton and Trump, since both of them are ready to apply best effort to fight terrorists. The candidates’ points of view are also different on the issue of nuclear power: Clinton wants cooperation with other countries, while Trump disagrees with this.
According to the candidates’ answers during the debates, it is obvious that Clinton is more liberal than realist, while Trump, on the contrary, is more realist than liberal. Trump wants his country to cooperate with others only in terms of maintaining safety. No cultural linkages or aid to other countries are acceptable for him. The whole world is regarded as anarchy where every country saves itself. Clinton’s opinion is different. The world is complex; there is a system of countries, which are connected by political, economic, and cultural linkages. The democrat wants to help other countries to overcome inequality, poverty, and local conflicts. Clinton represents American values in her answers and speeches, while Trump offers a different approach for America.
Hillary Clinton belongs to Wilsonian school of U.S. foreign policy. The aim of this school of thought is to spread democratic values, freedoms, property rights, and the rule of law, as well as civil and commercial rights. Its followers want to set such international conditions where human rights are acknowledged. Clinton is the person who can implement all these goals into reality. She supports immigrant and refugees, which means the candidate honors human rights. She does not want any cooperation with Russia, since this is an aggressor country, which does not follow any international agreements. Clinton is ready to help other countries and rebels who are fighting for their rights. She is also ready to arm them in pursuit of spreading democratic values. Her position on nuclear power is to cooperate with allies and maintain no first use policy. Therefore, Clinton is firm in her position.
Donald Trump represents ideas of Hamiltonian school of the U.S. school of thought. This approach is often called “American realism”. Trump does want to interfere in any foreign conflicts and deals. He thinks that the U.S. have to pave the way for further development and struggle with obstacles, but not help other countries in spreading democracy. The U.S. should cooperate with other countries only is terms of fighting ISIS (or Russia) or for commercial goals. Trump is against refugees, since they affect the country’s economy. Therefore, the republican is ready to cooperate with other countries as long as it is profitable for the U.S.
To deal with the threat of ISIS the U.S. government should use JaksonianU.Sforeign PolicySchool of Thought. According to it, the best way to overcome obstacles abroad and to solve conflicts is a war. The country starts a war only when it concerns national interests. If a conflict does not influence the USA, the country does not interfere in it. The country that is ready to commit military forces at any moment is a real threat to its enemies, while the country whose only weapon is economic sanctions is not a threat for non-governmental bodies, such as ISIS.
ISIS is a terroristic organization that is growing every day. Its victims are France, Belgian, Turkey, and other countries. It is hard to predict who will be the next. The civilized world has to stop it as soon as possible, until it is too late. If the USA was a more pro-military country, the ISIS would have already been defeated. To win this “war” the USA has to attract strong allies. ISIS, the enemy, does not follow any rules, does not value human life, and is not afraid of anyone. Therefore, it is hard to solve this problem, where one side is restricted by rules, while another ignores them. Consequently, the civilized world lacks real actions. To win “the war” the world needs a strong military leader, which can be the U.S.
Donald Trump differs from previous presidents more than anyone else. It is a well-known fact that no U.S. allies (European countries, Japan, Canada) support Trump as a president, while Russia, which is an aggressor country, does. The question arises: “Why do Western countries not support Trump?” The answer is simple: Trump is believed to change everything, from closing borders for migrants to fostering relations with Russia. Here are some issues of foreign policy, which can be changed in case of Trump’s presidency: 1. It will be harder for migrants to come to the USA, even people who have been living here for many years and have children born in the country can be deported. 2. The U.S. will not help other countries, especially rebels. 3. The U.S. will not sponsor international organizations which are not useful for the country. 4. The country will cease close cooperation with Europe. 5. The U.S. will start to cooperate with Russia. 6. The U.S. will lift sanctions from Iraq, Russia, and other countries. 7. The amount of nuclear power in the country will be decreased, which will make U.S. international position weaker.
Trump’s vision of foreign policy is different from the present one, and it may be harmful for the country. However, there remains one point that may prevent all these from happening. Donald Trump does not have support in his own party. Therefore, in the case of winning the elections, Trump will not have support in the Congress. Consequently, he will not be able to influence implementation of any laws. His only power will be a veto privilege.