Public Leader Overview
Franklin Roosevelt was the 32nd president of the US. He was one of the greatest leaders in America. His success was determined by the manner of his leadership. His theory and styles of leadership made him a very influential leader. Roosevelt is the highest rated charismatic leader in America. His style of leadership was a spirited style. His ability to motivate others is a vital aspect of leadership. Franklin Roosevelt encouraged and inspired employees. He always engaged others by allowing them to give opinions on particular matters. Franklin Roosevelt would connect with others and motivate the troops to realize a common goal (Greenstein, 2014).
Margaret Thatcher, frequently referred to as the Iron Lady, was the longest-serving British Prime Minister and the only woman who held the office in the 20th century. She was nicknamed the Iron Lady due to her leadership styles. Margaret Thatcher could be defined as an autocratic leader. Her leadership traits that clearly demonstrated authoritarian kind of leadership style include taking control of all situations and her strive for power. She allowed little input from others and little time for group decisions. Her leadership theory is the charismatic theory.
Public Leader Comparison and Contrast
Both Thatcher and Roosevelt used the charismatic theory in their leadership. Some characteristics of charismatic leadership include ability to express vision, self-confidence, and willingness to make radical changes. Margaret Thatcher as an autocratic leader was admiredfor her ability to get things done. She influenced her subordinates who followed her instructions. She was admired for her ability to make a quick decision during crisis situations. She had a special talent that always aided the situation and therefore she had a big following. Her decision was brilliant and unchallenged. Charisma leaders influence those people in distress.
Franklin Roosevelt, on the other hand, ranks as the most charismatic leader in America. During the greatest nation’s 20th-century crisis, Franklin relied on his charismatic leadership in ruling the nation out of the Great Depression. (Greenstein, 2013). His inspiring fireside dialogs helped gain recognition for his concepts and moved the US out of a protectionist international mode. Charismatic leadership is an attributional phenomenon centered on juniors’ view of the leader’s behavior. Juniors perceive and understand the leaders’ behaviors and personalities as the manifestation of charisma. Leaders’ behavior affect subordinates’ outcome.
As a result, charismatic leaders are seen as regularly adored by subordinates and are often perceived as superhuman. Juniors identify with the charismatic leader and are motivated by expressive and convincing speaking style. In addition, charismatic leaders are likely to appear in emergency situations where juniors search for a redeemer.
Public Leader Evaluation & Analysis
The following are some facts about Franklin Roosevelt’s leadership style which made him an effective leader.
- Curiosity. Franklin Roosevelt had a very inquisitive mind and was always eager and keen to learn new things. He was an exceptional communicator and learned a lot through chats and communication with the outside world. His thirst for knowledge and capacity to absorb information qualified him for study quickly, which enabled him to become an expert on issues with speed and self-assurance.
- Self-confidence. Franklin Roosevelt was well-known as exceptionally confident in his views and decisions. It was this personality that made him disregard his closest consultants in the principal matters, including the US participation in the Second World War. His close advisers opposed the support of the British in the war, but Franklin supported Allied forces in what is regarded as the defining moment that rolled the balance of authority from the League countries.
- Presentation skills. Franklin Roosevelt was a magnificent figure. Nonetheless, he is well -known for his ‘fireside chats’. He used radio to a goodoutcome, and he was one of the best speakers of the 20thcentury. Before his tenure, the White House mailroom was run by one mailperson, but within a week of his first radio broadcast seventy people were hired to handle approximately 500,000 letters of gratitude.
- Weaknesses. Sometimes one's strength can turn out to be his greatest weakness. His transformational style of leadership was both his weakness and his biggest strength.
His style of leadership involved engaging people in decision-making. He was able to rally his followers to realize a common goal. His spirit leadership style was one of his primary strengths.
These are the facts about Thatcher’s leadership styles that made her successful.
- Directive leadership. Margaret Thatcher illustrated an ability to circumnavigate a cut-throat world of politics in Britain. Directive leaders are leaders who make decisions for others and suppose their subordinates or supporters should follow the instructions, Margaret Thatcher was this kind of a leader. She always believed in her decisions and strictly demanded her followers to execute the instructions. Her ability to assert authority over subordinates made her an effective leader.
- Transformational and transactional leadership. Margaret Thatcher demonstrated transactional style of leadership .Transactional leadership style is based on the concept that the relations between the leader and his followers are based on rewards (Eagly, Johannesen-Schmidt, & Van Engen, 2013).These could be in the form of acknowledgment and praise. Margaret Thatcher‘s employment of this style of leadership greatly contributed to her success.
- Charismatic leadership. Margaret Thatcher’s personality made her the highest ranking charismatic leader of the 20th century. Some of her character traits that made her a charismatic leader include strong vision, capacity to articulate the vision and her confidence. Margaret Thatcher’s strengths were also her major weakness (Steinberg, 2012).
- Interpersonal style. Leadership is often defined in terms of opposites. For example autocratic style vs. democratic. One important duality, most evident in Thatcher’s case, involves a leader’s interpersonal style: confident and forceful style Vs. participative and supporting approach. Very few leaderscan incorporate both sets of characters in their range. They circumnavigate to one side or the opposite and risk taking that style to such an extent that it reduces the corresponding approach to void.
- Weaknesses - authoritative style. It was her unwillingness to ask for other people’s opinion that resulted in her political downfall. Thatcher was a leader who asserted her authority over people and she rarely sought opinion from other people. This strength turned out be her greatest weakness. She was made to step down later in her career as a result of her decision to increase poll tax (Norton, 2014)
Public Leader Influence
The most important leadership quality that any leader should possess is courage. Leaders face stressful situations in the course of their leadership. They face criticism and opposition. A leader should never allow his disability to conquer him. Everyday day a leader should display tremendous personal courage.
Although this may seem to be strength, but to a large extent it is not. Authentic leaders are stubborn and uncompromising. Failure to consider other people’s opinion on important matters can cost the leadership. A leader must be charismatic and exercise participative style of leadership upon his followers.
There are numerous leadership styles and theories that leaders exercise. The ability of a leader to choose and use a particular style of leadership determines his success. Successful leaders are identified by their leadership theories and styles, for example Franklin Roosevelt is known for his charismatic style of leadership. To sum up, it is important for a leader to understand and exercise a leadership style that engages people and rally them towards achieving a common goal.