Benchmark - Research Critique

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Different research articles in nursing critically examine health issues that need to be understood in this field. For instance, the article chosen for this analysis focuses on issues relating to overweight. According to Flegal, Williamson, Pamuk and Rosenberg, the authors of the article, obesity has become s one of the most threatening lifestyle diseases across the world. Different researches prove that more than 40% of the dwellers of Stockton have overweight problems, which shows the seriousness of the problem. Being a risk factor for different cardiovascular diseases, obesity is connected with unhealthy diet and inactive lifestyle, and has become a pressing issue for many families. Therefore, it is necessary to examine the disease and extent to which it influences lives of people, as well as how widespread it has become. Luckily, there are some measures that can be taken to halt the spread of the problem and try to reverse the damages it has caused to many people. Thus, this essay is a critical analysis of a qualitative study, titled Estimating deaths attributable to obesity in the United States retrieved from the American Journal of Public Health.

 

Problem Statement

The clinical problem that necessitated the study is the health effects of obesity and overweight related issues. On the other hand, the research problem is connected with estimating the actual number of deaths related to obesity. In this research, what was not known about the clinical problem was if obesity could cause other health problems leading to death, and not causing death directly. This means that understanding the clinical problem related to obesity would lead to change in patient intervention and outcomes. This study is important because its findings could help reduce human suffering and loss of life.

Purpose and Research Questions

The purpose of this research was to determine the deaths attributable to obesity in the United States. This was important in that it could help the readers discover the effects of obesity as a way of reducing deaths related to the disease. In this regard, the objectives of the study clearly defined its purpose. The study was designed to address the following questions:

1. What are the signs and symptoms of obesity?

2. What are the health effects of obesity?

3. How many deaths are caused by obesity in one year?

4. How to minimize the impacts of obesity?

Actually, the purpose of the study and research questions had close relationships with the problem because they were aimed at providing a clear understanding of the disease and its effects on society. Quality methods, such as interviews and surveys, were used by the authors to address the issues and research questions, and they were quite appropriate (Burns & Grove, 2011).

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Literature Review

The authors actually referred to qualitative and quantitative studies that focused on the problem identified. For instance, they cited Fairclough, Hackett and Davies (2013), whose studies proved that close to 40% of adult residents were suffering from obese conditions, or at one point in their lives they had been victims of obesity. Moreover, their studies also show that about 42% of children suffer from this disease, and they have high chances of still having overweight problems when becoming adults, which only makes the cycle for the issue continue (Fairclough et al., 2013). However, the main problem here seems to be the fact that about 300,000 deaths connected to the disease are recorded in the country each year, and the majority of these deaths could be prevented (Fairclough et al., 2013).

The authors also cited Dearholt and Dangs research findings and their relationship with the issue under study. According to these findings, it is vital for healthcare providers, especially for nurses, to do their best to actively deal with the situation and aid in stopping its further spreading, both in children and adults (Dearholt & Dang, 2012). This will be really helpful in promoting healthy living with fewer problems brought by the problem of being obese. Therefore, this paper is aimed at establishing proper steps that could be made to ensure that the problem of overweight in Stockton is taken under control. The other scholars cited include Burns and Grove, Flegal et al., and Lohman et al. because their research about obesity made considerable contribution to reducing the disease.

Indeed, the references were actually current as they were published between 2011 and 2014, except for one. This is important for qualitative studies because it shows the degree of relevance of such information. In most cases, the authors stressed the strengths of the studies in relation to obesity, but there was little focus on their weaknesses. The information gathered during the study and presented in the literature review were adequate and helped in constructing a systematic and coherent argument. For example, integrating the views of other authors on the health condition, their research findings and recommendations helped much in building an argument (Burns & Grove, 2011).

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Conceptual/Theoretical Framework

The authors effectively applied theoretical framework in their study. For instance, there was used Johns Hopkins Nursing Evidence Based Practice, which is not only an important model, but also a guideline for nursing practitioners. The rationale is that this theoretical framework focused on change theory in medical intervention. According to Dearholt and Dang (2012), this model includes guidelines that will be rather helpful for nurses who use it in their work as it will promote effective performance of their duties and better delivery of their services. What is more, the model will provide tools that will help to develop questions needed for nurses to establish if their practices and their ethics are legal, and this can be done before these practices are enacted (Flegal et al., 2014). This is how it ensure service delivery of high quality in the healthcare as it will allow all services that are delivered by a nurse to have both legal foundation and a proper ethical base. Scale of rating evidence of the diagnosis also shows nurses how to provide a document for summarizing evidences of their practise (Fairclough et al., 2013).

Thus, it is clear that the model is vital in nursing practices since besides focusing on aiding nurses in understanding the theories of their profession, it also provides a guide on how to employ these theories (Dearholt & Dang, 2012). When dealing with diabetes and other diseases connected with obesity in children residing in Stockton, the nurses will be able to enjoy the benefits of the John Hopkins Nursing Evidence Based Practice as it can give them a number of tools for managing the project from the moment it starts (Fairclough et al., 2013). It is also focused on demonstrating the main areas of concern that need much attention in this process (Lohman et al., 2011). Besides, it shows what a nurse needs to do in particular conditions in order to improve the situation with the health condition that seems to be dangerous to a society. By giving the necessary information on the ways of employing the theories it teaches, this model can be extremely helpful in reducing obesity rate (Flegal et al., 2014).

Conclusion

In summary, researches in nursing help to deal with different kinds of diseases and their impacts on society, and the cultural, behavioural, nutrition and health aspects relating to such conditions. The objectives of the research under consideration were in line with the purpose of the study. The authors integrated different research articles relevant to the topic under discussion, and they were not limited to a number of approaches they utilized to face the challenge.

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