Section 1: Summery of the Legislation
The Congress legislation bill addressed in this paper is classified as the 114th Congress (2015-2016) bill. The bill is referred to as S.178 Justice for Victims of Trafficking Act of 2015. The bill was introduced by Sen. Cornyn, John [R-TX] on January 13th, 2015. The committee that was charged with the responsibility to oversee the bill was Judiciary Committee of the Senate. So far, the bill has been approved by the Senate and is being held by at the desk. The bill pass voting exercise took place on the April 23rd, 2015. The remaining steps include passing the bill through the House then the president for final assent.
Based on the bill justice for victims of trafficking Sec. 101, the federal criminal code was amended to create additional assessments. The assessments were based on any offence involving A. Slavery, trafficking of persons, and peonage. B. Abuse of children and sexual exploitation. C. Sexual abuse. D. Transport for unlawful sexual activity. E. Human smuggling. The assessment is not payable unless the assessed person has adhered to the outstanding court orders. Additionally, the person being assessed must satisfy the restitution orders and any other obligations concerned with victim compensation.
The section further establishes funds for domestic trafficking victims, which have to form part of the revenues deposited for assessment. These funds are meant to combat trafficking as well as provide assistance and protection of the trafficking victims. Additionally, the funds help in developing prosecution programs for the child abuse investigations. The section advocates that no collected funds should be used to offer healthcare support except for the trafficking victims. In addition to the medical support for the trafficking victims, the section states that child pornography victims should also be subjected to massive rehabilitation through the same funds.
Based on sec.102, partial amendment of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 comes to picture. The section allows US citizen victims to obtain benefits without necessarily obtaining official approval from health departments. In the ordinary case, any trafficking victim should obtain certification from the health departments to approve of their fate. Section 103 provides an amendment of protection to reauthorization act of replacing pilot program. Based on the section, all the juveniles subjected to trafficking should have a residential treatment administered by the department of justice. This program is deemed to help develop deterrence to child trafficking. The program helps to restore the lives of victims while carrying out investigations involving child trafficking. Based on the section, no child victim shall be disqualified on data soliciting grounds.
The section, further, highlights how the grant funds should be used in the program. The grant funds ought to be used for three main purposes. The first intention should be for training program purposes. The people who deserve training include the law enforcement officers, child welfare and medical officers, first respondents, and judicial personnel to facilitate the rescue process professionally. Secondly the grant funds should be further used to establish anti-trafficking task force and units to boost the process. Finally, the grant funds should help solve court programs for trafficking victims.
The legislation has several other sections that are carefully designed to combat human trafficking. Some of the sections are based on amendments from the previous acts while others are new ideas. The department of justice is involved in various cases to combat the vices arising from human trafficking. The legislation further charges the general accountability office with the responsibility of studying the authorized Initiative Act. The anti-trafficking report from the general accountability office is then prepared and presented to the Congress for study.
Section II: Legislation Policy Evaluation
The legislation policy helps solve the gap that has been left by the human trafficking policies. Matters of human trafficking directly affect the human rights. In fact, all people are supposed to enjoy universal human rights. Human trafficking infringes on individuals’ rights in the society. A society where human trafficking takes place is classified as one where social injustices thrive. Although there are legal frameworks to safeguard the people against human trafficking, a few gaps can still be traced in the system. Based on the few instances of system gaps, this legislation policy would serve well to completely combat the social injustice.
In most cases, the vulnerable groups of people fall under the helpless category of citizens. In the US, human trafficking mainly affects the children as well as the helpless members of the society who have nobody to advocate for their rights. The legislation policy helps find a way through which the helpless members of the society can be helped. Since law enforcement holds for all the people, following the legislation policy would help to create a sense of direction. The legislation policy is important because it would help to ensure that justice is administered to the victims of trafficking cases.
Justice is a particularly important aspect of life in the society. Although some people have better opportunities than others in life, justice system helps to create equality amongst people of different social classes. Justice systems help narrow down the gap by creating a level judicial platform for all people. Based on the legislation policy, all the people would be treated fairly depending on their ability to follow the law. It is, thus clear that the creation of human trafficking legislation policy would help reduce social injustice in the society.
Additionally, the legislation process is trying to solve financial problems associated with the judicial process involving the human trafficking cases. There has been a major confusion on how to handle funds associated with the human trafficking in the judicial process. Based on the problem, it can be noted that various clauses in the policy try to address the financial aspect of these funds. For instance, section 101 of the legislation process tries to address the fate of funds collected in the judicial assessment system of the human trafficking cases. The policy provides the best alternatives on how such funds can be effectively used to handle human trafficking victims.
On the same note, the legislation policy handled in the case seeks to solve the problem relating to grant funds in the system. Based on the observed cases, there is likely to be a weaker strategy dictating how grant funds should be handled in the human trafficking cases. The proposed financial projects for the grant funds include training of the medical and judicial personnel to carry out their activities professionally. Additionally, the policy provides direction to the department of justice based on what activities it should take in ensuring that Americans receive judicial justice in the society.
Based on the highlighted cases in the policy legislation process, the highlighted facts are quite essential to a national judicial system. It can, thus, be deduced that the problem being solved by the legislation process is real. Although a few people may not understand the concepts of human rights in relation to human trafficking, it is vital to note that the system lacks a great deal of facilities hidden in the legislation policy. The bill has already gone past the senate voting process showing that the senators understood the problem that the country is facing without such a policy.
The problem discussed can be best addressed with a policy solution. Based on all the sections analyzed in the policy legislation, it is clear that the problems related to the human trafficking shall have been perfectly solved. Since the American society comprises of people who are always busy addressing issues affecting their lives, it is clear that imposing the policy would help to reinforce the flaws in the judicial system that focus on human trafficking. Apart from creating social protection around the vulnerable members of the society, the policy would also help to provide guidelines on contentious issues relating to the human trafficking cases in the judiciary. For instance, funds collected from relevant court cases would be channeled to the rights victims to help improve their lives. Additionally, the victims would not only be left to realize natural healing process. The policy provides proper ways through which they can be handled to realize quick recovery from their cases.
It is also important to realize that human trafficking victims are vast and diverse in nature. They deserve specialized handling depending on what they are recovering through. Based on this ideology, the policy provides avenues through which grant funds can be used to train different categories of specialists to handle these victims. It is clear that the problem can be addressed through the policy solution. Once implemented, the policy strategies spelt out in different sections of the congress legislation bill will help to realize a great deal of improvement in the judicial sector. Cases associated with human trafficking will realize the best approach as provided by the policy legislation process.
The proposed policy is the best way to address the problem. In fact, all the items addressed in the policy are contentious and affect the vulnerable Americans. Since human trafficking had no proper structure in the judicial system, the policy would reinforce several areas. Some Americans have in the past suffered due to delays caused by compulsory need to go through medical verification procedures so as to be attended to. Based on the policy, the process is fast tracked to help the human trafficking victims realize the best treatment process without many complicated procedures.
At the moment, there are no congress bill legislation policy proposals to address the problem. The current bill is still very new and has not even gone through the full implementation procedure. As time goes by, various reactions are likely to be elicited from the manner in which this legislation bill will be handled. So far, there may be nongovernmental organizations and human right activists who might have also noted the same challenges in the anti-human trafficking sector. As matters are now, no other legislation process has been proposed to address the problems discussed in this case. It is believed that success of this bill will create a great victory to the human trafficking victims and the entire united nations of America. Other related bills in the congress address ways of combating human trafficking. In this case, however, the bill of interest looks into justice for human trafficking victims.
Justice for the victims of trafficking should be put first because they are equal human beings who deserve full rights to live as any other ordinary person. Matters of policies are always bound for protection by the constitution of the land. It is clear that once the policy allows for justice to be administered to the human trafficking victims then it shall definitely follow that trend. In this case, the legislation process is still in the process and is likely to go through to its full implementation into a law. Once the whole process is due, it will be easy to administer justice based on policy directives provided by the law of US.