“Who Will Become a Terrorist? Research Yields Few Clues” by Apuzzo, M. (2016)
Matt Apuzzo, the author of this article, looks into the issue of the brothers who conducted out bombings in Brussels. According to the author, the brothers had previous records showing involvement in different violent crimes. Apuzzo (2016) also notes that brothers have been identified even in other nations as potential terrorists. Additionally, the author examines the behavior of the other Americans accused of helping the Islamic states in propagating their terrorist ideologies beyond their borders. The central question that the author asks is “Who will be a terrorist?” This question leads the author into the investigation to show who can potentially be a terrorist. This issue is also based on the underlining fact that there is the need to control the rise of Islamic states and their advancement in other countries, especially Europe and the USA regarding propagating terrorist activities.
Apuzzo (2016) argues that there is a new way, in which terrorists conduct their operations, which makes it hard to understand why people become politically violent. In this connection, the author recognizes the works of other scholars on why people are likely to involve in terrorist. Some researchers make an argument that poverty is a factor that drives people to engage in criminal activities as well as commit terrorist acts across the world. However, current studies also suggest that involvement in such activities has no direct connection with poverty. In fighting terrorist activities, some people have to recognize the need to deal with abnormal behavior. For instance, research shows that individuals, who are involved, in truancy are more likely to engage in political violence (Apuzzo, 2016). Other findings, according to the author, indicated that young people, who loved adventures and aimed to achieve a sense of independence through struggle, were more likely to involve in terrorist activities (Apuzzo, 2016).
Apuzzo (2016) appears to accept the fact that it is hard to predict an individual who will become a terrorist. There are contradicting studies that show strange characters linked to terrorist and they do not necessarily belong to any different behavior groups. Based on this article, one can name several concepts and analyses that relate to those within the course outline. Some of these concepts are discussed below.
The author uses the idea of offending profiling to explore the possibility of an individual to commit a crime. The author's investigation shows that there is a free link between the experience and personality of an individual since they drive a person to become a potential terrorist. When looking at the role of chances of a person’s involvement in terrorist activities, the author tends to agree with the fact that role of offender profiling is important. According to Canter and Youngs (2010), the process can help when it comes to the examination of evidence of terrorist-related cases as well as predict certain crimes to different behavior. The use of this concept also supports the author’s agreement with the fact that evaluation of an individual’s behavior could result in an understanding of their next step of action.
The use of background information about potential terrorist suspects has been the basis, upon which states, such as the USA, make their decisions when formulating policies that help in fighting Islamic extremism. For instance, historical information about terrorist suspects can assist in combating radicalization by Islamic extremist through examining the roots of such people. Thus, psychological concept has been of great help in this article. Besides conducting historical information analysis, the author looks into the issue of the suspect profile. The profile includes such matter as physical appearance. Many psychologists argue that most individuals, who tend to have offensive outlook and to be deviant in their actions, are more likely to commit crime than any others. When conducting an investigation, police officials usually base their study on several factors more than beyond the appearance of an individual (Canter & Youngs, 2010). Such factors can include the economic status of a suspect to determine if they are poor or rich as well as look into the social network of the individual. This is important as it provides grounds, on which the suspect can be judged and the intentions for committing the crime as well as how to follow up the crimes. The social network of a suspect gives detailed information about the suspect, which can be used to gain the validity of any investigation done by the client.
“Psychologist Reveals why People Post Crimes on Social Media” by Alfred Ng
Alfred Ng looks at the case of individuals who post aspects of their crimes on the social media platform. One should be expected to keep silence about their criminal activities. Therefore, it is uncommon to see the people who ‘announce’ their crime on social media. The question that the author explores is “Why would someone who has committed a crime make a post of their activities on social media?” The author notes that many people tend to display their crimes on social media based on some reasons.
Ng (2016) borrows from the works of psychologist to make an argument that such people are in a position where they need attention. He wonders why such individual(s) would sacrifice their freedom and even cause animosity from the public. According to the author, such people become excited when they get attention from other people (Ng, 2016). Some of the most common crimes include sexual assault and teenage beatings as well as showing personal nudity images or those of other people. In the end, such people are investigated and taken to court to answer to the charges against them. An investigation into their characters also reveals that they tend to behave differently about the norms and values of society.
Alfred Ng (2016) also believes that such kinds of posts usually trigger some element of the power of the person who has made them. For instance, some people would display an image indicating bearing of a teenager to show some sense of authority over the teenager. Additionally, the author observes that some people would go to the extent of posting videos of cruelty animals to get attention. Getting such attention is possible since people believe that it is wrong to hurt innocent animals. According to the Ng (2016), the reaction they receive from the public makes them feel powerful. The author acknowledges that such people tend to have a peculiar character that is not accepted by the society as a whole. Based on this discussion, one can reflect on the teaching from the class work to show how the concepts in psychology, primarily investigative psychology, have been used in the articles.
Therefore, the author uses an element of inquiry of psychology to arrive at the findings made in the article. Ng (2016) relates the action where people, who have committed crime, post their crimes on social media. To reach the conclusion that the underlining factor is to seek attention, the author uses logic while analyzing the situation. The first investigation looks at the issue of salience where the author investigates the kind of crime committed by an individual before posting on social media.
The author makes good use of inference. In this connection, he examines the extent, to which the available information supports the conclusions made. The author infers the behavior of the individual posting the crime on the social site and character of the person based on historical data. Based on this findings, the author uses deduction reasoning to make a stand that such individual only seek attention from the public. Brent and Baeza (2012) note that based on the application of law and rule of the state, such individuals are arrested and aligned in court to be charged based on their conduct.
Furthermore, the issue of crime action and salience has been used widely in this article. The individuals, who have committed crimes, are given more severe penalties when they are charged in the court because their crime tends to appear differently as those perpetrated by other people. Their cases are unique because they justify their actions on the social media platform. Judging from their actions, these individuals posted their crimes on social media with the intention of getting attention from the public as well as having the feeling of being powerful (Brent & Baeza, 2012). The author also reveals the silence nature of criminals. They tend to get excited when they get attention from other people. To control or prevent such behaviors, an individual’s post is always ‘pulled down’ from the social media pages if an investigation goes on. The purpose of doing this study is that the author tries to create a link between the reasons for issuing posts on their crimes in social media. Posting crimes in the social media tends to confuse those protecting people from crimes as they cannot fully work on their targets without giving a hint to the investigators.